India – The Motherland of Cultures & Religions

India an amalgamation of different cultures, religions and trend, India was once known as the Golden Bird. t is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the south-west, and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east.

The Indian subcontinent was home to the urban Indus Valley Civilisation of the 3rd millennium BCE. India is notable for its religious diversity, with Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism, Islam, Christianity, and Jainism among the nation’s major religions.

The majority of the Indian Architecture is Mughal and South Indian Architecture. The construction is made according to the “Vastu Shastra” that means “the science of construction”. Vastu Shastra is considered to be very important especially during the construction of a Temple.

The earliest writing is found to during 11700 BCE and 1200 CE, which were written in Sanskrit. The prominent works include the epic Ramayana and the Bhagwat Gita, the dramas of Kalidas – Abhijñānaśākuntalam (The Recognition of Śakuntalā), and poetry such as the Mahākāvya. From the 14th to the 18th centuries, India’s literary traditions went through a period of drastic change because of the emergence of devotional poets such as Kabīr, Tulsīdās, and Guru Nānak. This period was characterised by a varied and wide spectrum of thought and expression; as a consequence, medieval Indian literary works differed significantly from classical traditions. In the 19th century, Indian writers took a new interest in social questions and psychological descriptions. In the 20th century, Indian literature was influenced by the works of Bengali poet and novelist Rabindranath Tagore, who was a recipient of the Nobel Prize in Literature.

The classical dance and music of India is as vast as the country. With different religion, every religion has their own classic dance and music. Some of the popular classical dance forms are Bharatnatyam, Kathak, Kathakali, Odissi and Mohiniattyam.

 

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